It’s a well-known fact that Diabetes is one of the most common medical conditions in the United States. According to a report by the CDC, more than 100 million Americans suffer from this disease.
But what causes diabetes? Also, on that note, what are some of the problems that people who are diabetic suffer from? Join us as we answer that question.
The Blood Sugar Level
As the name suggests, the blood sugar level refers to the amount of glucose in a person’s body. It’s your body’s primary source of energy as the body breaks down carbohydrates and absorbs glucose through the small intestine.
The glucose is then absorbed into the bloodstream and transported to different cells in your body. Around 4 grams is present in your body. It regulates the glucose levels through a process known as Homeostasis.
Normally your body needs to have less than 100 mg/dL after fasting. Two hours after eating your blood sugar level should be at 140 mg/dL. It’s usually at its lowest before you have eaten anything.
What is low blood sugar level?
It’s not easy to answer this question since every person’s body works differently. You might be fasting but your blood sugar level might not go below 60.
When you are fasting, your liver continues to convert fat and muscle into sugar. Your sugar level might drop a bit but that’s not necessarily something you should be worried about.
Diabetes and Blood Sugar
Blood sugar level of people suffering from diabetes is always high. Over time, this leads to several complications and health problems. Your body doesn’t produce enough insulin because of which sugar is not absorbed by the cells.
The medical term for this condition is Hyperglycemia. As stated earlier, it can severely damage your body. One of the major problems that high blood sugar level leads to is diabetes.
There are two types of diabetes and they are classified into type 1 and type 2. In type 1 diabetes the pancreas stops producing Insulin whereas, in Type 2 Diabetes, a person’s body stops responding to insulin.
Type 1 Diabetes was common among children and adolescents previously, however, in the last few years there have been cases of adults who are suffering from this condition. In contrast, Type 2 Diabetes is more common among adults.
Other Types of Diabetes
Apart from Type 1 and Type 2, other types of diabetes include:
Heard of the terms Acromegaly and Cushing’s syndrome? These are medical conditions, which result in your body producing growth hormones in excess.
In Cushing’s syndrome, the adrenal gland starts producing Cortisol. This hormone increases your blood sugar levels. On the other hand, in Acromegaly, it’s the pituitary gland that starts producing these hormones.
Diabetes is not the only reason your blood sugar level increases. Sometimes another disease can also lead to this problem (hence the name secondary).
Abnormal secretion of glucose is the major reason for diabetes. In normal conditions, insulin prevents your body from releasing glycogen. However, endocrine disorders lead to conditions like Hyperglucagonemia.
In Hyperglucagonemia, the patient’s blood glucagon concentration levels decline. This causes damage to pancreatic tissue that produces insulin.
The risk of diabetes is high among pregnant women as during pregnancy stages, their hormones change. This results in an increase in their blood sugar levels.
Around 60% women, who suffer from this condition, go on to develop type 2 diabetes after 10-20 years.
People who are suffering from any of these aforementioned conditions need to make sure that they control their blood sugar levels.
Problems You Face Due To High Blood Sugar Level
People who have high blood sugar level (and diabetes) are at risk of suffering from several long-term problems. Some of these include:
1. Eye Problems
It’s extremely important that people who have diabetes regularly visit doctors to get their eyes checked. This is because they are at an increased risk of eye problems like Cataracts, Glaucoma, and even Retinopathy (in extreme cases).
Some of the symptoms that you need to pay attention to include blurred vision, watery eyes, loss of vision and spots in your eyes.
2. Kidney Problems
Make sure you get your urine checked for protein at least once a year since it’s a sign of kidney damage. Some additional signs of kidney problems include weight gain due to edema, swelling of hands and feet, constant itching and drowsiness.
In addition to that, also make sure your doctor regularly checks your blood pressure when you visit them.
3. Heart Diseases
Heart disease is one of the most common reasons for death among people suffering from diabetes. Therefore, you will have to extra careful about your blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
Some signs you need to watch out for include (but are not limited to) shortness of breath, nausea, pain, or pressure in your chest and sweating.
Symptoms of a stroke include sudden nausea, dizziness, shortness of breath, blurred vision, and vomiting. In case you notice, any of these problems make sure you immediately get in touch with a doctor.
4. Nerve Damage
High blood sugar levels have an impact on all the nerves in your body. Signs of nerve damage include burning pain, numbness, and loss of feeling in your arms and legs in case of nerve damage.
In certain case, the damage might be so extensive that one of your limbs might be amputated.
Some of the ways in which diabetes can affect your nervous system include Peripheral neuropathy, autonomic type I, uncontrolled diarrhea, and postural hypertension.
Reasons for High Blood Sugar Level
There are multiple reasons for high blood sugar levels. It depends on your diet and physical activity. Medication can also lead to this problem.
Not taking your medicines on time can also lead to this problem. Stress is also a major factor.
Signs of High Blood Sugar Level
Peeing a lot? You feel thirsty all the time. These are just some of the signs of high blood sugar level. Apart from this fatigue and loss of weight are also signs of high blood sugar level.
Taking medicines and insulin might help deal with this issue. Just make sure you take the right dose and that the insulin has not expired. Also, regularly visit the doctors for medical checkups. Based on your condition, they might make changes to your prescription.
Apart from that, following a meal plan and getting regular exercise also helps keep your blood sugar at an optimal level. You can also turn to alternate methods of treatment like Coccinia Indica.
Coccinia Indica is a medicinal plant commonly found in South-East Asian countries like India. For centuries, it has been used for treating ailments like high blood sugar level, asthma, inflammation, and heart diseases.
Here’s a look at some of the ways why this herb can be used for treating conditions like high blood sugar levels:
The Plant Has Anti-Diabetic Properties
Doctors all over the world are conducting extensive research in order to determine the effectiveness of Coccinia Indica for treating diabetes and high blood sugar level.
One such study was conducted back in 2011. In this study, around sixty-one healthy people were given the same meal (consisting of the herb). These people were between ages 18 and 35 and none of them consumed alcohol, smoked or were on medication.
The test results indicated that the blood sugar level of the experimental group stayed relatively low. This gives you an idea regarding the anti-diabetic properties of Coccinia Indica.
Another study showed similar results. This study involved patients between ages 35 and 60. One group was assigned Placebo whereas another one was given Coccinia Indica for around ninety days.
Throughout the process, the patient’s physical, dietary and biochemical activity was monitored. The results concluded that people who were given Coccinia Indica had lower glucose levels.
It has Anti-Analgesic Properties
Coccinia Indica is also a strong analgesic agent, which provides relief from pain. It has anti-inflammatory properties (due to the presence of Cannabidiol) and targets the affected area in your nervous system.
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